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Animals in Brazil
Brazil is home to one of the most diverse wildlife populations on the entire planet. This is due in part to the sheer size of the nation. Brazil makes roughly have of South America. However, the great diversity of Brazilian wildlife is due mostly to the fact that 60% of the Amazon Rainforest, one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, rests in Brazil. The Amazon Rainforest, which makes up most of Brazil's undeveloped territory, provides the nation with over 2.5 million species of mammals, birds, fish and insects.

One of the most unique of these animals is the bald-headed uakari. Also known as the bald uakari, it is a monkey with a short tale, long hair and, of course, a bald head. However, its most prominent feature is its bright red face. There are four know varieties of this creature, but they are all tree-dwellers and prefer to remain near water and areas that experience seasonal flooding.

One of the scariest looking creatures in Brazil is the Goliath Birdeater Spider, a member of the tarantula group of arachnids. The Goliath Birdeater Spider received its name when it was reported by some early explorers to the region that they saw the spider eating a hummingbird. This massive spider can grow to have a leg span of over a foot and is quite intimating visually, but, like most tarantulas, it is generally harmless to humans, preferring to maintain a diet of insects.

With so many amazing creatures populating the nation, it is difficult to stand out, but one creature that manages to do so is the
Arapaima
arapaima. Also known as the pirarucu and the paiche, the arapaima is recognize by some experts as the world's largest fresh water fish. This massive fish grows, on average, to about 6.6 feet and over 200 pounds. However, there have been some exceptional arapaima that have been measured at over 8 feet and over 400 pounds.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Brazil.
Even-toed ungulates in Brazil
Collared peccary
White-lipped peccary
White-tailed deer
Red brocket
Brown brocket
Brazilian dwarf brocket
Pampas deer
Marsh deer
Carnivores in Brazil
Short-eared dog
Maned wolf
La plata otter
Hoary fox
Azara's fox
South american fur seal
Giant brazilian otter
Antarctic fur seal
Cougar
Tropical weasel
Chilean pampa cat
Geoffroy's cat
Molina's hog-nosed skunk
Amazonian hog-nosed skunk
Ocelot
Greater grison
Little spotted cat
Beddard's olingo
Tayra
Margay
Long-tailed weasel
Eyra cat
Jaguar
Kinkajou
Common fox
South american coati
Crab-eating raccoon
Bush dog
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Brazil
Long-finned pilot whale
False killer whale
Black porpoise
Flatheaded bottlenose whale
Amazon river dolphin
Bridled dolphin
Atlantic spinner dolphin
Euphrosyne dolphin
Atlantic spotted dolphin
Long-beaked dolphin
Cuvier's beaked whale
Rough-toothed dolphin
Bunch
Pygmy sperm whale
Franciscana
Fraser's dolphin
Blainville's beaked whale
Gray's beaked whale
Hector's beaked whale
Layard's beaked whale
Southern right whale
Common minke whale
Killer whale
Bryde's whale
Common rorqual
Arnoux's beaked whale
Commerson's dolphin
Pygmy killer whale
Southern right whale dolphin
Melon-headed whale
Bottle-nosed dolphin
Estuarine dolphin
Bats in Brazil
Mato grosso dog-faced bat
Brown tent-making bat
Visored bat
Lesser ghost bat
Brown mastiff bat
Intermediate long-tailed bat
Thomas's nectar bat
Hairy big-eyed bat
Greater bulldog bat
Rufous dog-faced bat
Bedentate yellow-eared bat
Lesser long-tailed bat
Tomes's sword-nosed bat
Peale's free-tailed bat
Brock's yellow-eared bat
Commissaris's long-tongued bat
Hairy-legged vampire bat
Big-eared wooly bat
Pale-faced bat
Little white-shouldered bat
Broad-eared bat
Dwarf dog-faced bat
Little yellow-eared bat
Miller's long-tongued bat
Big naked-backed bat
Pale spear-nosed bat
Big free-tailed bat
Black mastiff bat
Great stripe-faced bat
Pallas's long-tongued bat
Parnell's mustached bat
Long-legged bat
Lesser spear-nosed bat
Geoffroy's tailless bat
Spectral bat
Wagner's mustached bat
Greater spear-nosed bat
Pallas's mastiff bat
Guianan spear-nosed bat
White-lined bat
Andesen's fruit-eating bat
Ipanema bat
Short-headed broad-nosed bat
Gervais's fruit-eating bat
Heller's broad-nosed bat
Brown fruit-eating bat
Little yellow-shouldered bat
Fischer's little fruit bat
Buffy broad-nosed bat
Fringed fruit-eating bat
Tilda yellow-shouldered bat
Dwarf little fruit bat
Recife broad-nosed bat
Silver fruit-eating bat
Brazilian free-tailed bat
Short-eared bat
Jamaican fruit-eating bat
Great fruit-eating bat
Proboscis bat
Macconnell's bat
Hawaiian hoary bat
Dark fruit-eating bat
Greater sac-winged bat
Pygmy fruit-eating bat
Frosted sac-winged bat
Silky short-tailed bat
Flat-faced fruit-eating bat
Brazilian brown bat
Amazonian sac-winged bat
Southern yellow bat
Chestnut short-tailed bat
Peter's disk-winged bat
Diminutive serotine
Lesser sac-winged bat
Big red bat
Seba's short-tailed bat
Spix's disk-winged bat
Argentine brown bat
Chestnut sac-winged bat
Black bonneted bat
Yellowish myotis
Greater round-eared bat
Dwarf bonneted bat
Hairy big-eared bat
Black myotis
Wagner's bonneted bat
Sanborn's bonneted bat
Little big-eared bat
Riparian myotis
Western bonneted bat
White-bellied big-eared bat
Red myotis
Dark long-tongued bat
Shaggy bat
Velvety myotis
Fringe-lipped bat
Ega long-tongued bat
Common vampire bat
Chestnut long-tongued bat
Strange big-eared brown bat
Mexican funnel-eared bat
White-winged vampire bat
Schmidts's big-eared bat
Tropical big-eared brown bat
Golden bat
Striped hairy-nosed bat
Thumbless bat
Northern ghost bat
Bokermann's nectar bat
Greater dog-like bat
Greater ghost bat
Dekeyser's nectar bat
White-winged dog-like bat
Brazilian big-eyed bat
Tent-maiking bat
Isabelle's ghost bat
Big crested mastiff bat
Goldman's nectar bat
Lesser dog-like bat
Little big-eyed bat
Lesser bulldog bat
American marsupials in Brazil
Bushy-tailed opossum
White-bellied slender mouse opossum
Brown four-eyed opossum
Long-furred woolly mouse opossum
Red-legged short-tailed opossum
Gray short-tailed opossum
Black four-eyed opossum
Little rufous mouse opossum
Small fat-tailed opossum
Three-striped short-tailed opossum
Gray slender mouse opossum
Velvety fat-tailed opossum
Southern short-tailed opossum
Delicate slender mouse opossum
Emilia's short-tailed opossum
Ihering's short-tailed opossum
Pygmy short-tailed opossum
Marajó short-tailed opossum
Chestnut-striped short-tailed opossum
Western woolly opossum
Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
Bare-tailed woolly opossum
Shrewish short-tailed opossum
Black-shouldered opossum
Theresa's short-tailed opossum
One-striped short-tailed opossum
Long-tailed fat-tailed opossum
Pale-bellied woolly mouse opossum
Agile gracile mouse opossum
Emilia's gracile mouse opossum
Brazilian gracile mouse opossum
White-eared opossum
Big-eared opossum
Common opossum
Water opossum
Lutrine opossum
Murine mouse opossum
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Brazil
Forest rabbit
Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Brazil
Brazilian tapir
Primates in Brazil
Red howler monkey
Geoffroy's monk saki
Coppery titi monkey
Wedge-capped capuchin
Booted titi
Bald uakari
Black uacari
Dusky titi
Doubtful titi monkey
Ashy black titi
Atlantic titi
Brown titi monkey
Goeldi's marmoset
Buffy-tufted-ear marmoset
Hoffman's titi monkey
Buffy-headed marmoset
Geoffroy's marmoset
Brazilian bare-faced tamarin
Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset
Collared titi
Common marmoset
Black-pencilled marmoset
Buffy saki
Mottle-face tamarin
Gray monkey saki
Ed-chested mustached tamarin
Golden-faced saki
Golden-handed tamarin
Long-haired spider monkey
Black-chested mustached tamarin
White-whiskered spider monkey
Black squirrel monkey
Black-faced lion tamarin
Black spider monkey
Black lion tamarin
Golden lion tamarin
Black-headed squirrel monkey
Common squirrel monkey
Bare-eared squirrel monkey
Ma's night monkey
Saddlebacked tamarin
Black-headed night monkey
Emperor tamarin
Douroucouli
Brown capuchin
Night monkey
White-fronted capuchin
Black howler monkey
Muriqui
Bearded saki
Black-faced black spider monkey
Red-nosed saki
Rodents in Brazil
Rio de janeiro arboreal rat
Capybara
Hispid hocicudo
Sao paulo grass mouse
Edwards's long-clawed mouse
Paraguay hairy dwarf porcupine
Pacarana
Serrado mar grass mouse
Northern grass mouse
Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine
Brazilian false rice rat
Tuft-tailed spiny tree rat
Orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine
Yellow-crowned brush-tailed rat
Bishop's fossorial spiny rat
Plain brush-tailed rat
Bicolored arboreal rice rat
Narrow-footed bristly mouse
Broad-headed spiny rat
Armored spiny rat
Candango mouse
Cleber's arboreal rice rat
Red-nosed mouse
Golden atlantic tree rat
Koopman's porcupine
Unicolored arboreal rice rat
Greater wilfred's mouse
Red-nosed tree rat
Brazilian porcupine
Atlantic bamboo rat
Mamore arboreal rice rat
Lesser wilfred's mouse
White-faced tree rat
Brazilian tuco-tuco
Rock cavy
Brazilian arboreal rice rat
Drab atlantic tree rat
Brazilian arboreal mouse
Tiny tuco-tuco
King arboreal rice rat
Short-tailed cane mouse
Giant tree rat
Natterer's tuco-tuco
Brazilian spiny tree rat
Large vesper mouse
Robert's arboreal rice rat
Pallid atlantic tree rat
Collared tuco-tuco
Spiny tree rat
Woolly giant rat
Small vesper mouse
Trinidad arboreal rice rat
Long-tailed tree rat
White-footed climbing mouse
Dusky spiny tree rat
Fossorial giant rat
Delicate vesper mouse
Chacoan pygmy rice rat
Black-spined atlantic tree rat
Long-tailed climbing mouse
Bolivian bamboo rat
Surinam spiny tree rat
Delta pygmy rice rat
Cerrado mouse
Painted tree rat
Amazon bamboo rat
White-spined spiny rat
Brazilian pygmy rice rat
Hairy-eared cerrado mouse
Giant atlantic tree rat
Central american agouti
Venezuelan spiny rat
Bolivian spiny rat
Yellow pygmy rice rat
Punare
Unicolored tree rat
Azara's agouti
Huallaga spiny rat
Fulvous pygmy rice rat
Black agouti
Cayenne spiny rat
Small-eared pygmy rice rat
Brazilian agouti
Cuvier's spiny rat
Nutria
Black-rumped agouti
Atlantic spiny rat
Owl's spiny rat
Green acouchi
Swamp rat
Neotropical pygmy squirrel
Goeldi's spiny rat
Brazilian guinea pig
Red acouchi
Guianan squirrel
Guyanan spiny rat
Ihering's hocicudo
Shiny guinea pig
Intermediate rice rat
Yellow-throated squirrel
Ihering's spiny rat
Long-nosed hocicudo
Greater guinea pig
Kellogg's rice rat
Bolivian squirrel
Striped atlantic forest rat
Long-tailed spiny rat
Robert's hocicudo
Guinea pig
Monster rice rat
Northern amazon red squirrel
Pallid atlantic forest rat
Mouse-tailed spiny rat
Red hocicudo
Gray leaf-eared mouse
Macconnell's rice rat
Southern amazon red squirrel
Para spiny rat
Large-lipped crimson-nosed rat
Elegant rice rat
Rushi's rat
Guiara
Napo spiny rat
Brazilian shrew mouse
Sowbug rice rat
Spotted paca
Amazon dwarf squirrel
Alston's cotton rat
Hairy spiny rat
Rat-headed rice rat
Azara's grass mouse
Guiana bristly mouse
Simon's spiny rat
Web-footed marsh rat
Bristle-spined rat
Hairy-tailed bolo mouse
Terraced rice rat
Cursor grass mouse
Bristly mouse
Yellow-toothed cavy
Steere's spiny rat
Greater marsh rat
Yungas rice rat
Lindbergh's grass mouse
South american water rat
Spix's yellow-toothed cavy
Marsh rat
Angular hocicudo
Blackish grass mouse
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Brazil
Amazonian manatee
American manatee
Edentates in Brazil
Greater naked-tailed armadillo
Cabasu
Giant armadillo
Southern long-nosed armadillo
Southern three-banded armadillo
Greater long-nosed armadillo
Brazilian three-banded armadillo
Common long-nosed armadillo
Brazilian lesser long-nosed armadillo
Six-banded armadillo
Information about the animals living in Brazil is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

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