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Animals in Eritrea
In Eritrea, while the variety of animals has decreased over time, there remains a significant amount of which that continues to dwell here.

Some of the more common mammals found in Eritrea are the Abyssinian hare, camels, African
wild cat
wild cats, black-backed jackals, vervet monkeys, and
hamadryas baboon
hamadryas baboons. In the mountains, lions, Tora
hartebeest
hartebeests, and
greater kudu
greater kudus can be found. On the Bure peninsula, the most common are the gazelle, but there are also leopards, hyenas, foxes, zebra, crocodiles, oryxs, antelope, and greater kudus in sparse amounts. Eritrea, once abundant with elephants, now has a limited amount. Most are found near the Gash River where they live symbiotically with olive baboons.

There are 537 species of bird in Eritrea. Many nesting birds are attracted, including the Arabian bustard and
Osprey
osprey. Ostriches are also common here, along with the Ethiopian oriole and white-billed starling. Eritrea lies on a migratory path as well and attracts many coastal birds to its shores such as gulls, terns, waders, and the white-water Kingfisher, endemic, within Africa, to Eritrea.

The reef on the coast of Eritrea is abundant with marine life. Angelfish, swordfish, parrotfish, grouper, and various other species of fish are quite populous. Marine turtles, most commonly the green and hawksbill turtles, can be found frequenting the waters around Eritrea. Dolphins are also usual inhabitants of this area, specifically the common and spinner dolphins. Mako, hammerhead and tiger sharks live in these waters too, along with manta rays and the now endangered dugong, or seacow.

As far as snakes go, the most common of these are the deadly saw-scaled viper, puff adder, and red-spitting cobra. There are three species of python that can be found as well. For lizards there are the Eritrean Agama, chameleons, the Red-headed Rock Agama, Johnston's Long-tailed lizard, and the Yellow-throated Plated lizard.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Eritrea.
Even-toed ungulates in Eritrea
Salt's dik-dik
Common warthog
Klipspringer
Gemsbok
Oribi
Dorcas gazelle
Red-fronted gazelle
Giraffe
Common hartebeest
Greater kudu
Carnivores in Eritrea
Serval
Asiatic jackal
Black-backed jackal
Honey badger
African caracal
Striped polecat
Speckle-throated otter
African wild dog
Spotted hyaena
African lion
Leopard
Aardwolf
Wild cat
Cheetah
African clawless otter
Striped hyaena
African sand fox
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Eritrea
Pacific pilot whale
Long-beaked dolphin
Bats in Eritrea
Patrizi's trident leaf-nosed bat
Yellow-winged bat
Trident bat
Asian barbastelle
Heart-nosed bat
Midas free-tailed bat
Spotted free-tailed bat
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Little free-tailed bat
African sheath-tailed bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Ethiopian epauletted fruit bat
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Lesser horseshoe bat
Geoffroy's horseshoe bat
Rüppell's horseshoe bat
Lesser mouse-tailed bat
Greater mouse-tailed bat
African yellow bat
African giant free-tailed bat
Naked-rumped tomb bat
Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Ethiopian large-eared roundleaf bat
Hyraxes in Eritrea
Rock dassie
Bush hyrax
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Eritrea
Cape hare
Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Eritrea
Grevy's zebra
Primates in Eritrea
Eastern black-and-white colobus
Hamadryas baboon
Lesser bushbaby
Gelada baboon
Elephants in Eritrea
African elephant
Rodents in Eritrea
Striped ground squirrel
Lesser egyptian jerboa
Crested rat
Speke's pectinator
Somalia gerbil
Small-eared dormouse
Gambian sun squirrel
Mullah spiny mouse
Fring-tailed gerbil
Unstriped ground squirrel
Abyssinian grass rat
Crested porcupine
African grass rat
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Eritrea
Dugong
Aardvark in Eritrea
Aardvark
Information about the animals living in Eritrea is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

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