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Animals in Madagascar
Where could someone find 75% of the animals not found anywhere else in the world? A small island off of Africa of course! Madagascar is home to a variety of animals. It creates wonderful habitats with its rainforest, dry deciduous forest and fresh water.

The lemur family calls only Madagascar and another island close by home. There are many different types of lemurs that live on the island. The Aye-aye is a nocturnal lemur that eats insect larvae. Since it is a nocturnal animal, it is very difficult to spot and is one of the more difficult animals to find. The Indri is the largest lemur on Madagascar. This lemur eats fruits to survive and is known for its singing. With all of the different lemurs on Madagascar, there is a lot of variation between the different species and sub-species, making them fascinating creatures to study.

The fossa is the largest predator on the island, weighing around 20-30 pounds. It is related to the mongoose, but looks more like a cat. Their tails and claws help them to be active in trees, as well as on the ground. They are active during the day and at night. The fossa hunts reptiles, birds, lemurs and fish. People nearby do not need to worry, because they do not hunt humans.

Another species that is abundant in Madagascar are chameleons. In fact, it is home to the most chameleons in the world! The smallest of these is the Brookesia Chameleon. This tiny chameleon eats insects and lives along the bottom of the rainforest or dry deciduous forest. It hides from its predators by blending in with the leaves that cover the ground. This is only one of about seventy-five species that live on Madagascar.

Madagascar is filled with extraordinary creatures that roam the forest floor, swim in the fresh water and leap through the trees. All along the island an animal that is not found anywhere else in the world is hunting, sleeping and living.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Madagascar.
Even-toed ungulates in Madagascar
Madagascan dwarf hippopotamus
Carnivores in Madagascar
Brown-tailed mongoose
Fossa
Malagasy ring-tailed mongoose
Falanouc
Fanaloka
Broad-striped mongoose
Giant-striped mongoose
Malagasy narrow-striped mongoose
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Madagascar
Killer whale
Pygmy sperm whale
Fraser's dolphin
Chinese white dolphin
Bridled dolphin
Long-beaked dolphin
Rough-toothed dolphin
Bunch
Blainville's beaked whale
Gray's beaked whale
Hector's beaked whale
Layard's beaked whale
True's beaked whale
Pygmy killer whale
Bryde's whale
Common rorqual
Bats in Madagascar
Little free-tailed bat
Madagascan flying fox
Madagascan rousette
Lesser yellow bat
Robust yellow bat
Greenish yellow bat
Madagascan fruit bat
Madagascan large free-tailed bat
Mauritian tomb bat
Trouessart's triden bat
Peters's sheath-tailed bat
Lesser long-fingered bat
Greater long-fingered bat
Midas free-tailed bat
Peters's wrinkle-lipped bat
Malagasy mouse-eared bat
Madagascar sucker-footed bat
Primates in Madagascar
Golden-crowned sifaka
Indri
Verreaux's sifaka
Greater dwarf lemur
Fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Ring-tailed lemur
Grey-backed sportive lemur
Aye-aye
Milne-edwards's sportive lemur
Dry-bush weasel lemur
Light-necked sportive lemur
Greater sportive lemur
Lesser weasel lemur
Northern sportive lemur
Ruffed lemur
Crowned lemur
Brown lemur
Black lemur
Gray mouse-lemur
Mongoose lemur
Brown mouse-lemur
Red-bellied lemur
Hairy-eared dwarf lemur
Avahi
Golden bamboo lemur
Bamboo lemur
Fork-marked dwarf lemur
Broad-nosed gentle lemur
Diademed sifaka
Rodents in Madagascar
Betsileo short-tailed rat
Gregarious short-tailed rat
Lesser tufted-tailed rat
Major's tufted-tailed rat
Greater big-footed mouse
Dormouse tufted-tailed rat
Bastard big-footed mouse
White-tipped tufted-tailed rat
Tanala tufted-tailed rat
Webb's tufted-tailed rat
Voalavoanala
Island mouse
Malagasy giant rat
White-tailed rat
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Madagascar
Dugong
Information about the animals living in Madagascar is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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