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Animals in Nigeria
Nigeria, a country located on the western coast of Africa, is a home to a rich diversity of habitats and wildlife. It is bordered by three other African nations: Niger to the north, Cameroon to the east, Benin to the west, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the south. With 356,709 square miles of land area, the country is home to many species of birds, reptiles, fish, and mammals. Growing population and hunting of some animals for food has reduced some populations to levels of vulnerability or outright endangerment.

Four main types of habitats exist within Nigeria's borders: savanna grasslands, tropical forests, mountain plateaus, and mangrove swamps. The savanna grasslands are populated by herbivorous (plant eating) species, such as elephants and warthogs, as well as carnivorous (meat eating) animals like chivets, jackals, and wild dogs. Big cats such as lions,
cheetah
cheetahs, and leopards also prowl these areas. Where rivers run through the grasslands, hippopotamuses and crocodiles are common.

The mangrove swamps and tropical forests are home to many reptiles, some of which are unique to Nigeria. The worm lizard and the aptly named Nigerian crag gecko are among the reptilian species unique to the area, as well as several species of killfish in the waters of the country. A few unique species of bird also exist, such as the Jos Plateau Indigobird and the rock firefinch.

Two national parks located in the country serve as wildlife preserves, offering a safe habitat for the many vulnerable and endangered species. The parks are Kainji Lake National park, near Lagos and the border with Benin, and Yankari National Park, in Bauchi State in the northeastern section of the country. Endangered species include the
chimpanzee
chimpanzee, the drill, the western
gorilla
gorilla, the red-bellied monkey, and the
savanna swamp shrew
savanna swamp shrew.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Nigeria.
Even-toed ungulates in Nigeria
Tsessebe
Pygmy hippopotamus
Bay duiker
Common hippopotamus
Maxwell's duiker
Blue duiker
Grey duiker
Black duiker
African buffalo
Black-fronted duiker
Ogilby's duiker
Red-flanked duiker
Common warthog
Yellow-backed duiker
Giant forest hog
Mountain reedbuck
Red river hog
Roan antelope
Bohar reedbuck
Water chevrotain
Marshbuck
Bushbuck
Waterbuck
Klipspringer
Addra gazelle
Kob
Sahara oryx
Dorcas gazelle
Red-fronted gazelle
Oribi
Common hartebeest
Giraffe
Bates' pygmy antelope
Carnivores in Nigeria
White-tailed mongoose
Spotted hyaena
Banded mongoose
Speckle-throated otter
Asiatic jackal
Side-striped jackal
Honey badger
African wild dog
African caracal
Saharan striped polecat
Striped polecat
African civet
Common genet
Panther genet
Haussa genet
Striped hyaena
Wild cat
African sand fox
Gambian mongoose
Cheetah
African palm civet
African lion
Black-footed mogoose
Serval
Leopard
African clawless otter
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Nigeria
Atlantic spinner dolphin
Long-beaked dolphin
Rough-toothed dolphin
Blainville's beaked whale
Pygmy killer whale
Pygmy sperm whale
Atlantic hump-backed dolphin
Bats in Nigeria
Bate's slit-faced bat
Gambian slit-faced bat
Large slit-faced bat
Aellen's pipistrelle
Hairy slit-faced bat
Tiny pipistrelle
Large-eared slit-faced bat
Rüppel's pipistrelle
Aba roundleaf bat
Rusty pipistrelle
Benito roundleaf bat
Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Cyclops roundleaf bat
Egyptian free-tailed bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Sooty roundleaf bat
Mauritian tomb bat
Gambian epauletted fruit bat
Jones's roundleaf bat
Naked-rumped tomb bat
Ethiopian epauletted fruit bat
Woermann's bat
Noack's roundleaf bat
Egyptian tomb bat
Buettikofer's epauletted fruit bat
Halcyon horseshoe bat
Franquet's epauletted fruit bat
Peter's dwarf epauletted fruit bat
Darling's horseshoe bat
Lagos serotine
Moloney's flat-headed bat
Rüppell's horseshoe bat
Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat
Sierra leone free-tailed bat
Lander's horseshoe bat
Angolan free-tailed bat
Bushveld horseshoe bat
Midas free-tailed bat
Lesser mouse-tailed bat
Dwarf free-tailed bat
Hammer-headed fruit bat
Greater mouse-tailed bat
Railer bat
Pel's pouched bat
Ansorge's free-tailed bat
Trevor's free-tailed bat
Lesser woolly bat
Light-winged lesser house bat
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Gland-tailed free-tailed bat
Dark-winged lesser house bat
Lappet-eared free-tailed bat
Zenker's fruit bat
Nigerian free-tailed bat
African yellow bat
Little free-tailed bat
Little collared fruit bat
White-bellied yellow bat
African sheath-tailed bat
Bini free-tailed bat
Schreber's yellow bat
Yellow-winged bat
Nut-colored yellow bat
Morris's bat
Greenish yellow bat
Veldkamp's bat
Hyraxes in Nigeria
Western tree dassie
Rock dassie
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Nigeria
Cape hare
Pangolins in Nigeria
Giant ground pangolin
Black-bellied pangolin
Three-cusped pangolin
Primates in Nigeria
Potto gibbon
Drill
Red colobus
Olive colobus
Collared mangabey
Red-bellied guenon
Red-eared guenon
Patas monkey
Mona guenon
Northern needle-clawed bushbaby
Greater spot-nosed guenon
Crowned guenon
Preuss's guenon
Sclater's guenon
Allen's bushbaby
Pennant's red colobus
Lesser bushbaby
Eastern black-and-white colobus
Chimpanzee
King colobus
Gorilla
Angwantibo
Elephants in Nigeria
African elephant
Rodents in Nigeria
Savanna dormouse
Northwestern fat mouse
Green bush squirrel
Jentink's dormouse
African grass rat
Gambian sun squirrel
Dainty fat mouse
Nigerian mole rat
Red-legged sun squirrel
Edward's swamp rat
Fox's shaggy rat
Big-eared swamp rat
West african shaggy rat
Target rat
Jackson's praomys
Gray glimbing mouse
Banana climbing mouse
Tullberg's praomys
Pouched gerbil
Guinea multimammate mouse
Natal multimammate mouse
Forest giant squirrel
Kemp's gerbil
Gracile tateril
Temminck's striped mouse
Lake chad gerbil
Peters' hybomys
Greater cane rat
Allen's hylomyscus
Stella hylomyscus
Rudd's bristle-furred rat
Thomas's rope squirrel
Crested porcupine
Red-cheeked rope squirrel
Lesser egyptian jerboa
Striped ground squirrel
Fire-footed rope squirrel
Rufous-nosed rats
Hausa mouse
Pygmy mouse
Peter's mouse
Western vlei rat
Tinfields rock rat
Nigerian gerbil
Typical lemniscomys
Lord derby's flying squirrel
Lorrain dormouse
Giant rat
Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat
Olga's dormouse
Jackson's fat mouse
Cooper's mountain squirrel
Shining thicket rat
Gambian rat
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Nigeria
African manatee
Aardvark in Nigeria
Aardvark
Information about the animals living in Nigeria is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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