The Republic of Suriname is situated in Northern South America bordered by Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil and the North Atlantic Ocean. The geography of Suriname includes terrains with rolling hills, a narrow coastal plain with swamps with rivers including Marowijne, Suriname, Corantijin, and Coppename. The climate is tropical with alternate spells of the dry and rains.
The flora and fauna scope of Suriname is rather diverse because it is largely covered with tropical rainforest. Resting in the upper Coppename River watershed the Central Suriname nature reserve is a UNESCO world heritage site, and is cited to be rather unique and precious with regards to its unspoiled bio diversity. Suriname has a lot of national parks, the total area of which comes under the 12.6 % of the nation's land area being national parks and lakes, as stated by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring site.
The animals that are found in the region include giant armadillo
, anteater, wild boar
, spider monkey, howler monkey, tapir, ocelot
which is also known to be tiger cat and jaguar
. The aviary diversity is immense as well ' a whopping seven hundred hitherto un-interfered with biodiversity. The bird species include toucan, hummingbird, macaw, humming bird, Ibis to name a few. The Galibi Nature is among the few successful nesting places in reserve, for sea turtles.
However certain species of animals have been declared endangered or vulnerable. The endangered species of Suriname include Fin whale
, giant armadillo, sea whale and the giant otter
. The vulnerable species include bush dog
, Carriker's round-eared rabbit, Giant anteater
, Guianan bonneted bat
, Schultz's round eared bat, and sperm whale.
The biological diversity of Suriname can largely be attributed to the fact that it is comprised hugely of rain forests which are ideal for preservation and proliferation of bio diversity since the impenetrability of forests to an extent has ensured that these places remained biologically pure in sense of diversity. Estimates say that there might be millions of plant, insect and micro organism species that are hitherto undiscovered. This adds to give only a picture of Suriname and the reason for such a converging biodiversity.