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Animals in Sierra Leone
The Republic of Sierra Leone is a fairly small country on the western edge of Africa. Sierra Leone shares borders with Guinea and Liberia, and its west and southwest boundary are defined by the North Atlantic Ocean. Sierra Leone covers 29,925 square miles, making it just a bit smaller than the state of South Carolina. In addition to 5.7 million humans (as of 2009), Sierra Leone is home to a large number of animal species, some of whom are unique to the region.
Sierra Leone's coastline is mostly mangrove swamps, beaches and shallow bays, hilly forestland further inland and plateau and mountains to the north and east. The climate is tropical. The estimated 147 species of mammals living wild in Sierra Leone include lions,
African elephant
African elephants,
chimpanzee
chimpanzees,
waterbuck
waterbucks, Cape buffalos and giant hippopotamuses. Among the types of wildlife unique to Sierra Leone are four kinds of
Killifish
killifish, a few varieties of catfish including electric catfish, the Freetown Long-fingered Frog, the Tingi Hills Toad, multiple species of butterfly and a ground beetle. Pygmy hippos are found wild only in Sierra Leone and neighboring Liberia. Pygmy hippos are an endangered species that lives in tropical forests habitats in the Gola Forest and on islands in the Moa River.
Some primates native to Sierra Leone are the bushbaby, Diana money, chimpanzee and king colobus. There are a number of other monkey species present as well. Bats, birds and insects abound, as can be expected in a tropical climate. Sierra Leone also harbors plenty of mice, squirrels, gerbils, rats and porcupines. Three types of pangolin (scaly anteater) and aardvarks also make their home in Sierra Leone. The waters off the coast of Sierra Leone nurture three species of dolphin, pygmy killer whales and the African manatee. Lions, leopards, hyenas, Servals, panther genets, African wild dogs, African civets and five species of mongoose are among Sierra Leone's predator population. Eight species of duiker, the bongo, water chevrotain and bushbuck are a few of the hoofed mammals found in and near Sierra Leone's forests.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Sierra Leone.
Even-toed ungulates in Sierra Leone
Jentink's duiker
Maxwell's duiker
Blue duiker
Black duiker
Ogilby's duiker
Pygmy hippopotamus
Red-flanked duiker
Common hippopotamus
Yellow-backed duiker
Banded duiker
Water chevrotain
Grey duiker
African buffalo
Waterbuck
Kob
Bongo
Bushbuck
Oribi
Common warthog
Giant forest hog
Bay duiker
Carnivores in Sierra Leone
African palm civet
Marsh mongoose
Common cusimanse
Slender mongoose
Egyptian mongoose
African golden cat
Gambian mongoose
Spotted hyaena
White-tailed mongoose
Honey badger
Striped polecat
African civet
Panther genet
Serval
African lion
Haussa genet
Wild cat
African clawless otter
Leopard
Speckle-throated otter
African wild dog
Side-striped jackal
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Sierra Leone
Atlantic hump-backed dolphin
Atlantic spinner dolphin
Fraser's dolphin
Pygmy killer whale
Bats in Sierra Leone
Aellen's pipistrelle
Tiny pipistrelle
Woermann's bat
Peter's dwarf epauletted fruit bat
Moloney's flat-headed bat
Sierra leone free-tailed bat
Aba roundleaf bat
Benito roundleaf bat
Angolan free-tailed bat
Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Rüppell's horseshoe bat
Dwarf free-tailed bat
Cyclops roundleaf bat
Guinean horseshoe bat
Spurrell's free-tailed bat
Sooty roundleaf bat
Lander's horseshoe bat
Railer bat
Jones's roundleaf bat
Light-winged lesser house bat
Noack's roundleaf bat
Dark-winged lesser house bat
African yellow bat
Gland-tailed free-tailed bat
White-bellied yellow bat
Little collared fruit bat
Little free-tailed bat
Nut-colored yellow bat
Veldkamp's bat
Hammer-headed fruit bat
Bate's slit-faced bat
Gambian slit-faced bat
Large slit-faced bat
Mauritian tomb bat
Hairy slit-faced bat
Large-eared slit-faced bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Yellow-winged bat
Gambian epauletted fruit bat
Buettikofer's epauletted fruit bat
Hyraxes in Sierra Leone
Western tree dassie
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Sierra Leone
Pangolins in Sierra Leone
Giant ground pangolin
Black-bellied pangolin
Three-cusped pangolin
Primates in Sierra Leone
Red colobus
Olive colobus
Collared mangabey
Campbell's guenon
Diana guenon
Lesser spot-nosed guenon
King colobus
Chimpanzee
Patas monkey
Lesser bushbaby
Potto gibbon
Elephants in Sierra Leone
African elephant
Rodents in Sierra Leone
Guinea multimammate mouse
Lorrain dormouse
Natal multimammate mouse
Gambian sun squirrel
Tullberg's praomys
Small sun squirrel
Red-legged sun squirrel
Slender-tailed squirrel
Forest giant squirrel
Pygmy mouse
Liberian forest hybomys
Peter's mouse
Temminck's striped mouse
Baer's hylomyscus
Allen's hylomyscus
Giant rat
Crested porcupine
West african shaggy rat
Long-eared flying squirrel
Defua rat
Guinea gerbil
Kemp's gerbil
Ebian's palm squirrel
Ghana rufous-nosed rat
Typical lemniscomys
Rudd's bristle-furred rat
Lord derby's flying squirrel
Striped ground squirrel
Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat
African grass rat
Fire-footed rope squirrel
African brush-tailed porcupine
Green bush squirrel
Edward's swamp rat
Bunting's thicket rat
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Sierra Leone
African manatee
Aardvark in Sierra Leone
Aardvark
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