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Animals in Somalia
The country of Somalia is located in the tropical zone. The Northeastern and Central parts of this country are arid, or very dry. The Southern and Northwestern regions are semi-arid, receiving slightly more rainfall than the Central and Northeastern regions. This country has a long, eastern coastline that borders the Indian Ocean. The Coastal region is more humid due to its proximity to the ocean. Somalia is bordered by three countries: Djibouti to the North, Kenya to the South, and Ethiopia bordering its Central territory.

Somalia is home to a large number of birds, over 700 species, and boasts over 170 species of mammals. It's also home to a variety of marine life. The endangered
dugong
dugong, also known as the 'sea-cow', is among the aquatic fauna found living along the eastern coastline. The dugong is a shy, placid, herbivore that forages for sea-grass. Other common marine animals include manta rays,
Great hammerhead shark
great hammerhead sharks, black marlin, and shortfin mako sharks.

The
Nile crocodile
Nile crocodile is very common in southern Somalia. It's the largest crocodilian found in Africa. Adult males can grow to between 11 and 16 feet, or 3 to 5 meters, long. Elephants are also found here. Since elephants are migratory, they are found in a variety of habitats, such as woodland, savanna, and tropical forests. Other large animals found in Somalia are
cheetah
cheetahs, ostriches, lions, baboons,
giraffe
giraffes, and several species of antelope.

The yellow-spotted rock hyrax, which is found in savanna and rocky areas, looks much like a large rodent, but is actually related to elephants. The savanna-dwelling Somali golden mole, and the shrub-land and desert-dwelling Somali elephant shrew, are found only in Somalia.

Somalia is home to a diverse variety of flora and fauna, from acacia trees, to birds, primates, large cats, and reptiles large and small.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Somalia.
Even-toed ungulates in Somalia
Speke's gazelle
Grey duiker
Common hartebeest
African buffalo
Clarke's gazelle
Klipspringer
Gemsbok
Giraffe
Oribi
Harvey's duiker
Common hippopotamus
Bushbuck
Lesser kudu
Greater kudu
Waterbuck
Tsessebe
Beira antelope
Desert warthog
Bushpig
Gerenuk
Silver dik-dik
Salt's dik-dik
Kirk's dik-dik
Dorcas gazelle
Grant's gazelle
Carnivores in Somalia
Honey badger
Striped polecat
African civet
Common genet
Asiatic jackal
Side-striped jackal
Bat-eared fox
Black-backed jackal
African caracal
African lion
Leopard
Striped hyaena
Spotted hyaena
Aardwolf
Serval
Marsh mongoose
Wild cat
Cheetah
Slender mongoose
Desert dwarf mongoose
Common dwarf mongoose
White-tailed mongoose
Banded mongoose
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Somalia
Rough-toothed dolphin
Blainville's beaked whale
Pygmy sperm whale
Indo-pacific beaked whale
Fraser's dolphin
Pygmy killer whale
Chinese white dolphin
Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale
Long-beaked dolphin
Bats in Somalia
Angolan free-tailed bat
Hairy slit-faced bat
Hamilton's tomb bat
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Trident bat
Mauritian tomb bat
Naked-rumped tomb bat
Egyptian tomb bat
Heart-nosed bat
Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Ethiopian large-eared roundleaf bat
Little free-tailed bat
African sheath-tailed bat
Persian trident bat
Kuhl's pipistrelle
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Geoffroy's horseshoe bat
Eloquent horseshoe bat
Rüppell's horseshoe bat
Yellow-winged bat
East african epauletted fruit bat
Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat
Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat
Lander's horseshoe bat
Lesser mouse-tailed bat
Dark-winged lesser house bat
African yellow bat
Hyraxes in Somalia
Bush hyrax
Rock dassie
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Somalia
Cape hare
Elephant-shrews in Somalia
Somali elephant shrew
Rufous elephant-shrew
Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Somalia
Burchell's zebra
Grevy's zebra
Pangolins in Somalia
Cape pangolin
Primates in Somalia
Garnett's greater galago
Blue monkey
Hamadryas baboon
Somali galago
Elephants in Somalia
African elephant
Rodents in Somalia
Wilson's spiny mouse
Delicate mouse
Berbera gerbil
Ammodile
Rosalinda gerbil
East african mole rat
Brockman's gerbil
Somalia gerbil
Julian's gerbil
Little red gerbil
Somalian gerbil
Black-tailed gerbil
Gray-headed thicket rat
Phillip's gerbil
Naked mole rat
Fring-tailed gerbil
Harrington's gerbil
Acacia rat
Ochre bush squirrel
Red bush squirrel
Crested porcupine
Speke's pectinator
Lesser egyptian jerboa
Unstriped ground squirrel
Crested rat
Mearns's pouched mouse
Fiery spiny mouse
Kemp's spiny mouse
Louise's spiny mouse
Mullah spiny mouse
Somali pygmy gerbil
Natal multimammate mouse
Percival's spiny mouse
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Somalia
Dugong
Aardvark in Somalia
Aardvark
Information about the animals living in Somalia is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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