Taiwan has some rare species of animals that are found in no other parts of the world. A species of the monkey, Formosan Rock Macaque, is a monkey that is only found in Taiwan. They are also home to the Swinhoe
and Mikado pheasants
that are extinct in the rest of the parts of the world. There are also over sixty species of mammals that live in Taiwan and over five hundred species of birds that live in this country. You will find an abundant supply of deer, monkeys, goats, geese, bears and wild boars
in Taiwan. There are over seventeen thousand different types of insects and over four hundred different types of butterflies found in Taiwan. The Formosan black bear was the reason that Taiwan's government enacted several laws to protect endangered species. Currently, Taiwan has 174 animals on the national protected species list and they have appointed a special committee to prevent extinction of these animals.
Taiwan has a reputation for the variety of plant life that lives on the island. The island has over four thousand kinds of plants. The plants will vary by elevation. On the low parts of the islands you will find a variety of bamboo and palm and on the high parts of the island you will find Japanese cedars and junipers. Over half of the island is covered in forest. The highest parts of Taiwan have completely different types of plants than any other part of the island. It consists of the evergreen tropical trees and the trees are known for their broad leaves. Taiwan has great plant life because of the humid and warn weather. There are over 190 types of plants that can be found on the island of Taiwan.