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Animals in Afghanistan
Afghanistan, while often only thought of as a politically volatile place, is also home to some of the most intriguing wildlife to be found on planet Earth. From the lowly mountain mole to the majestic
snow leopard
snow leopard, from the elegant gazelle to the inquisitive
rhesus monkey
Rhesus monkey, Afghanistan is host to many kinds of animals, both predator and prey.

To the common Westerner, to imagine what kinds of animals occupy Afghanistan might be a difficult task. Afterall, isn't the place simply one big desert? The answer is no. Afghanistan has a wide range of terrain, from snow-capped mountains to river valleys. The desert, while still a relatively large part, isn't all that this place has to offer.

Since it is home to such different kinds of terrain, it is naturally home to different kinds of animals. Rodents of all kinds inhabit both the urban and rural developments. The Tamarisk gerbil, three-toed dwarf gerboa, and
desert hedgehog
desert hedgehog can often be encountered in the wild. Familiar species like rats, squirrels, badgers, and even bears can also be found here, although in more of an Old World variation.

Some species are so special as to be unique to Afghanistan. One such creature is the Paghman Mountain Salamander, named for the tributary system which it inhabits. Another such animal is the Afghan Snowfinch, a beautiful member of the sparrow family which is endemic to the area. One final creature, although deriving from unknown origins, gets its name from the region: the Afghan hound. This sporting dog is commonly used by Afghan shepherds as protection and enforcement.

As one might see, the terrain and fauna of Afghanistan is rich and diversified, a mark of a beautiful biological realm.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Afghanistan.
Even-toed ungulates in Afghanistan
Wild boar
Elk
Markhor
Alpine musk deer
Goitered gazelle
Chinkara
Argali
Carnivores in Afghanistan
Honey badger
Brown bear
Gem-faced civet
Small indian civet
Asiatic jackal
Arctic wolf
African caracal
Least weasel
Jungle cat
Wild cat
Ounce
Asiatic black bear
Afghan fox
Corsac fox
Pallas's cat
Cross fox
Striped hyaena
Beech marten
Ermine
African lion
Marbled polecat
Leopard
Common otter
Cheetah
Tiger
Eurasian lynx
Indian grey mongoose
Javan mongoose
Bats in Afghanistan
Javan pipistrelle
Trident bat
Asian barbastelle
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Greater horseshoe bat
Lesser horseshoe bat
Mehely's horseshoe bat
Blyth's horseshoe bat
Lesser mouse-tailed bat
Small mouse-tailed bat
Lesser mouse-eared bat
Geoffroy's bat
Greater asiatic yellow bat
Whiskered bat
Serotine
Hodgson's bat
Botta's serotine
Fraternal myotis
Sind bat
European free-tailed bat
Kashmir cave bat
Whiskered myotis
Lesser noctule
Particoloured bat
Mountain noctule
Fulvus roundleaf bat
Kuhl's pipistrelle
Least pipistrelle
Common pipistrelle
Greater false vampire bat
Gray big-eared bat
Indian pipistrelle
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Afghanistan
Large-eared pika
Afghan pika
Primates in Afghanistan
Rhesus macaque
Rodents in Afghanistan
Tanezumi rat
Libyan jird
Turkestan rat
Mid-day jird
Afghan vole
Persian jird
Baluchi mouse-like hamster
Zarundny's jird
Afghan mouse-like hamster
Juniper vole
Tien shan vole
Transcaspian vole
Sand-colored soft-furred rat
Gray dwarf hamster
Great gerbil
Forest dormouse
Thomas's pygmy jerboa
Southern mole vole
Long-clawed ground squirrel
Yellow ground squirrel
Indian gerbil
Short-tailed bandicoot rat
Swarthy gerbil
Baluchistan gerbil
Afghan flying squirrel
Blanford's jerboa
Small five-toed jerboa
Red giant flying squirrel
Euphrates jerboa
Long-tailed marmot
Hotson's jerboa
Silver mountain vole
Sundevall's jird
Ward's field mouse
Information about the animals living in Afghanistan is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

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