Azerbaijan's landscape is one of the most hostile in the world. One might even think that very few creatures can survive the barren nature of this European country. But this is far from truth.
Although Azerbaijan's environment is truly different from tropical and sub-tropical countries, it is not barren; far from it, in fact. The country's landscape is dominated by vast grasslands which are considered home by many animals. Horses, in particular, love to dwell in these places. The Karabakh horse, the national animal of Azerbaijan, is a resident of the grasslands, but it is also at home in the mountains. In fact, it can travel swiftly both on the plains and on steep mountains.
Azerbaijan possesses the largest number of mammals in all of Europe. There are over one hundred recorded species in the country, three of which are endemic. Among the most popular and most sought after is the Caucasus goat. It is an inhabitant of the steep and cold mountains of the Caucasus, preferring to live in high altitudes where there is very thin air, but also very few predators ' if at all. The goat's thick fur is well adapted to the extremely low temperature of the snowy mountains.
The Caucasus mouflons are actually a wild variety of sheep. Compared to the domesticated species, the mouflons are much bigger and more muscular. In fact, it is difficult to identify it as a member of the sheep family without a thorough anatomical examination of the species.
The mouflons inhabit the plains where they can graze on the grass the whole year round. Unlike the goats, the mouflons can run very fast thanks to their long and muscular legs. With them, they can outrun even the strongest predator.
The third endemic species are the Jeyran gazelles. Like the gazelles in Africa, the Jeyran is the fastest sprinter in the Azerbaijan plains. Despite their lightning speed, the animals are very rare and can be found only in the Shirvan State Reserve.
Even-toed ungulates in AzerbaijanEast caucasian tur
Carnivores in AzerbaijanArctic wolf
Bats in AzerbaijanMediterranean horseshoe bat
Greater horseshoe bat
Lesser horseshoe bat
Mehely's horseshoe bat
European free-tailed bat
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Rodents in AzerbaijanUrartsk mouse-like hamster
European snow vole
Northern birch mouse
Transcaucasian mole vole
Asia minor ground squirrel
Indian crested porcupine
Eurasian harvest mouse
Schelkovnikov's pine vole
Small five-toed jerboa
Striped field mouse
Yellow-breasted field mouse
Caucasus field mouse
Black sea field mouse
Ural field mouse
Information about the animals living in Azerbaijan is brought to you by "List of countries of the world"
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The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order.
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