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Animals in Greenland
Greenland has four basic habitats, all of which are delicate. Coastal deserts are the more temperate parts of Greenland and where the majority of the population lives. Cold deserts, Arctic Tundra and polar regions. Each habitat is home to animals that have developed adaptations to survive the cold temperatures.

Several types of whales make their homes in Greenland, including the
Narwhal, Humpback, Sperm, Pilot, Greenland,
Beluga, Minke, Blue and
fin whale
Fin whales. These can be seen swimming close to shore during the late summer and early fall.

Along with whales, there is a great population of seal. It is estimated that about two million seals live in the waters around Greenland. The three primary species of seal are the Harp Seal, the Common Seal and the Ringed Seal.

Greenland shark
Greenland Shark, also known as the Grey Shark or Sleeper Shark, is the second largest shark, after the
Great white shark
Great White Shark, in the world. Males grow to about 21 feet. These sharks live about 200 years and their meat is poisonous. Humans do not have much contact with these sharks; however, native peoples say that the Greenland Shark has been known to deliberately overturn kayaks.

In addition to the whales, seals and sharks, the waters are filled with algae, mollusks, shrimp and crab. Other commonly found fish include, the Atlantic Cod, Atlantic Char, Rose Fish, Seawolf Fish, Trout, Atlantic Salmon and Halibut.

The world's largest national park is situated in northeastern Greenland. This park is home to polar bear, reindeer, a herd of about 3,000 Musk Ox, wolves, lemming, porcupine, Arctic Fox, caribou, Arctic Hare, squirrels and weasels.

Common species of bird include the raven, White-Tailed Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Snow Bunting and Atlantic Puffin. Humans cannot escape insects, not even in the cold climate of Greenland. Arctic Bumblebees, Black Flies, mosquitoes, moths and grasshoppers are all found here. Even Wood Frogs live in Greenland.

All of the wildlife living in Greenland have developed adaptations to cope with the cold weather and harsh conditions. For example, some have double-layered fur, frogs burrow deep underground and coat themselves with a kind of gel. But no matter how brutal the climate, animals always manage to survive.

Click here for a list of endangered animals in Greenland.
Even-toed ungulates in Greenland
Musk ox
Roe deer
Carnivores in Greenland
Hooded seal
Bearded seal
Common seal
Polar bear
Cross fox
Arctic fox
Arctic wolf
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Greenland
Long-finned pilot whale
Atlantic white-sided dolphin
White-beaked dolphin
Killer whale
Common porpoise
Euphrosyne dolphin
Bottle-nosed dolphin
North atlantic right whale
Bowhead whale
Common minke whale
Blue whale
Common rorqual
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Greenland
Arctic hare
Arctic hare
Rodents in Greenland
Northern collared lemming
Information about the animals living in Greenland is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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