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Animals in Mauritania
Mauritania is a country that consists of about 75% desert. It also has the occasional ridge and cliff outcroppings. One of its largest landforms is Adrar Plateau standing at just under 2,000 feet. Mauritania also contains a number of oasis which helps bring more of a variety of wildlife to this country. Mauritania boarders the North Atlantic Ocean and is also home to plains and sand dunes. The desert has been expanding for the last 50 years do to the ongoing drought that Mauritania has been experiencing.

There are two sea streams that run past the Mauritania coast. These sea streams, both cold and warm, help to make their coastline extremely diverse in aquatic life. This aquatic life includes dolphins, sharks, octopus, tuna, mackerel, and many others. Mauritania is also home to the Addax, a grayish brown mammal with spiral horns that slant upward. Due to the ever increasing drought, the Addax is on the verge of extinction. This extinction is also caused from the unrestricted hunting in this country. One of the most awe inspiring mammals that live here is the
Cheetah. The Cheetah is known for being the fastest animal on the planet and lives in open areas that are littered with patches of vegetation. Since Gazelles are its main prey, a cheetah can usually be found in the same general area. One of the most abundant creatures that inhabit Mauritania is birds. This country has been a bird lover's paradise for many years. Some of the most popular birds in this country include pelicans, cormorants, and herons. The reason for the large number of birds to populate this country is because Mauritania lies in the migration path of hundreds of species of birds. Large mammals such as lions, monkeys, and foxes are also found here, but in a very concentrated are due to the lack of food and water available to these mammals.

Click here for a list of endangered animals in Mauritania.
Even-toed ungulates in Mauritania
Common warthog
Sahara oryx
Addra gazelle
Dorcas gazelle
Red-fronted gazelle
Bohar reedbuck
Common hippopotamus
Roan antelope
Carnivores in Mauritania
Fennec fox
Spotted hyaena
Slender mongoose
Honey badger
Saharan striped polecat
Striped polecat
Mediterranean monk seal
Common genet
Wild cat
African lion
Striped hyaena
African sand fox
Asiatic jackal
African caracal
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Mauritania
Blainville's beaked whale
Atlantic dolphin
Gervais' beaked whale
Killer whale
Pygmy killer whale
Common porpoise
Atlantic hump-backed dolphin
Long-finned pilot whale
Atlantic spotted dolphin
Long-beaked dolphin
Rough-toothed dolphin
Pygmy sperm whale
Fraser's dolphin
Bats in Mauritania
Gambian slit-faced bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Hairy slit-faced bat
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Rüppell's horseshoe bat
Lesser mouse-tailed bat
Greater mouse-tailed bat
White-bellied yellow bat
Naked-rumped tomb bat
Egyptian tomb bat
Trident bat
Hyraxes in Mauritania
Rock dassie
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Mauritania
Cape hare
Primates in Mauritania
Patas monkey
Elephants in Mauritania
African elephant
Rodents in Mauritania
Striped ground squirrel
Guinea multimammate mouse
Natal multimammate mouse
Gambian rat
Libyan jird
Pouched gerbil
Hausa mouse
Felou gundi
Fat sand rat
Mauritanian gerbil
Lesser egyptian gerbil
Baluchistan gerbil
Nigerian gerbil
Tarabul's gerbil
Crested porcupine
Lesser egyptian jerboa
Robbins's tateril
African grass rat
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Mauritania
African manatee
Information about the animals living in Mauritania is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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