Nauru is the smallest republic in the world and it's located in the Pacific Ocean. The early settlers in this are the Polynesians as well as the Melanesian travelers. In 1968, Nauru garnered its independence after the Japanese regime.
In 1899, this tiny republic was discovered by the British explorers to possess solid phosphate, a substance valuable for the mining industry. Due to this discovery, the people of Nauru considered mining as a big economic resource until much of the element itself was exhausted from the Island. Today, two basic forms of livelihood like fishing and diving for tourism sustain the Republic of Nauru.
Due to the abundance of solid phosphate in the past in Nauru, the island had been exploited. Hence, the number of animals living in the island is greatly affected. Another contributing factor when it comes to the limited number of fauna is the lack of forests, jungles and green pasture where wild animals can survive. The exaggerated mining operation just for acquiring solid phosphate consequently reduced several species of animals.
However, despite the almost endangered status of animals on land, the surrounding coastline of Nauru is filled with various kinds of fish and because of this wealthy aquatic resource, Nauru has become a tourist destination for diving and fishing.
Regardless of the mining exploitation experienced by the Republic of Nauru, unique genus of fauna reside in it. The most important animal found in Nauru is the "Fregata Minor," commonly known as the great frigate bird. The frigate bird make up the official emblem printed in Nauru Air transport. Focusing on their aquatic fauna, the whale shark, which is one of the most huge creatures in the sea, can be found in Nauru. Other huge fish that can possibly be found in Nauru's surrounding seas are the long-finned and short-finned mako shark. Aside from the various kinds of sharks, marlins such as the black marlin and the indo-pacific sailfish have an abundant population in Nauru.
In addition to these oceanic wonders of Nauru, table corals are also located in its sea beds.
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in NauruPygmy killer whale
Blainville's beaked whale
Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale
Information about the animals living in Nauru is brought to you by "List of countries of the world"
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