The Pitcairn Islands are located to the east of South America in the Pacific Ocean. Most famously these islands were home to the crew that overtook the infamous HMS Bounty. A small population lives on these islands made up of volcanic rock or coral rock pushed up through the sea. The climate on the islands is tropical and with heavy rainfall in the latter months.
Since the Pitcairn Islands were born from volcanic activity there is little endemic wildlife on the islands. That wildlife that is endemic is mainly in the form of birds. The group with the most representation is the petrel family. The Henderson Petrel
, Murphy's Petrel and the Phoenix Petrel
all call the islands home. These birds all lay their eggs on the ground which has caused some issue with habitat loss due to human incursion. The Henderson Crake can also be found in the Pitcairn Islands. This bird is a small bird that lives in the coconut groves on the beaches. Like the aforementioned petrels, the Henderson Crake is also threatened due to habitat loss.
The Pitcairn Islands is also home to the beautiful two-toned Henderson Fruit Dove. This bird is primarily a fruit eater that has seen a loss of natural food source since the introduction of rat species to the islands. The Pitcairn Reed-Warbler is the native songbird of the islands. Due to its classification as a land bird with a small area to live in, it has been classified as endangered as well.
Due to their tropical positioning, the Pitcairn Islands are home to many sea creatures. Most notably of which was an introduction of the Galapagos Tortoise in the 1930's. Five were introduced and to date one still survives under protection by the local government. Further investigation into the seas around the Pitcairn Islands can uncover a bevy of coral and fish. The notable fish include the Oceanic Whitetip, Hammerhead and Whale Shark as well as Bigeye
Tuna. Many of the sea life, including the beautiful coral around the island are on the endangered list due to habitat loss, overfishing and pollution.