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Animals in Turkey
Turkey has two distinct climate profiles. One is the subtropical climate of the shoreline, and the other is the drier continental climate of the Anatolian Plateau. Habitats include rugged mountains, windswept grasslands, dry plateaus, and densely populated coastal regions. As such, the animal life varies between each climate and habitat. Common Asian animal species tend to dominate, with a few European ones as well. Large carnivorous animals include wolves,
brown bear
brown bears, lynxes, wildcats, hyenas, foxes and jackals. Prey animals include deer,
mountain goat
mountain goats, gazelle and
wild boar
wild boars.

Turkey is also home to many bird species, including five species of grebe, three species of shearwater, one species of petrel, one species of tropicbird, two species of pelican, one species of gannet, three species of cormorant, one species of
Darter
darter, five species of heron, three species of egret, two species of bittern, three species of stork, two species of ibis, one species of
Spoonbill
spoonbill, two species of flamingo, three species of swan, ten species of goose, twenty-five species of duck, the osprey, twenty-eight species of hawks, kites and eagles, eleven species of caracaras and falcons, two species of grouse, three species of crane, nine species of owl, and much more. While there are no birds unique to Turkey, the country has long been a merging point for Asian and European species, thus the huge variety.

Animals unique to Turkey include the Asia Minor Spiny Mouse, Taurus Ground Squirrel, Jackass Shrew, Anatolian Vole, Do'ramaci's Vole, Baran's Adder, Central Turkish Mountain Viper, fringe-fingered lizard, Blue Rock Lizard, a kukri snake, a dwarf racer, Pamphylian Lizard, Basoglu's Racerunner, the Anatolian Rock Lizard, Anatolia Lycian Salamander, Anatolian Marsh Frog, Marmaris Lycian Salamander, Atif's Lycian Salamander, the Anatolia Newt, Fazil Lycian Salamander, Fazil Lycian Salamander, the Tavas Frog, Taurus Frog, several species of killfish as well as several species of butterflies and insects.


Click here for a list of endangered animals in Turkey.
Even-toed ungulates in Turkey
Chamois
Goitered gazelle
Wild boar
Elk
Fallow deer
Roe deer
Carnivores in Turkey
Asiatic jackal
Arctic wolf
African caracal
Mediterranean monk seal
Least weasel
Asiatic wild dog
Cross fox
Beech marten
Badger
Ermine
Marbled polecat
Jungle cat
Wild cat
Egyptian mongoose
European polecat
Brown bear
Striped hyaena
Common otter
African lion
Eurasian lynx
Leopard
European pine martin
Tiger
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Turkey
Common porpoise
Atlantic dolphin
Bottle-nosed dolphin
Grey dolphin
Bats in Turkey
Common pipistrelle
Brown big-eared bat
Gray big-eared bat
Western barbastelle
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Mediterranean horseshoe bat
Greater horseshoe bat
Lesser horseshoe bat
Mehely's horseshoe bat
European free-tailed bat
Naked-rumped tomb bat
Bechstein's bat
Brandt's bat
Particoloured bat
Long-fingered bat
Geoffroy's bat
Greater mouse-eared bat
Northern bat
Whiskered bat
Serotine
Natterer's bat
Botta's serotine
Giant noctule
Lesser noctule
Noctule
Egyptian slit-faced bat
Kuhl's pipistrelle
Nathusius' pipistrelle
Hyraxes in Turkey
Rock dassie
Rodents in Turkey
Tristram's jird
Black sea field mouse
Vinogradov's jird
Long-tailed field mouse
Ural field mouse
Brandt's hamster
Long-clawed mole vole
Eurasian harvest mouse
Persian vole
Social vole
G√ľnther's vole
European pine vole
Caucasian snow vole
European snow vole
Caucasian squirrel
Macedonian mouse
Robert's snow vole
European ground squirrel
Common dormouse
Gray dwarf hamster
Asia minor ground squirrel
Black-bellied hamster
Mouse-tailed dormouse
Forest dormouse
Woolly dormouse
Asian garden dormouse
Transcaucasian mole vole
Nehring's bilind mole rat
Lesser mole rat
Asia minor spiny mouse
Indian crested porcupine
Small five-toed jerboa
Euphrates jerboa
Striped field mouse
Yellow-necked field mouse
Persian jird
Yellow-breasted field mouse
Information about the animals living in Turkey is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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