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Animals in Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan has four distinct habitats for animals. The land is comprised of vast deserts, mountains, plains and the shore of the Caspian Sea. There are also many nature reserves where animal and plant life are cultivated and protected.

The desert areas have an amazing amount of animal life. Several insect species reside there including ants, termites, ticks, beetles, tarantulas, scorpions and spiders, one of which is called a karakurt and is more poisonous than a cobra. Desert reptiles include the giant grey lizard, tortoise, big-eared toad, gecko and dozens of snakes including the cobra. 200 species of birds can be seen in the desert, including the
Golden Eagle
golden eagle, the
Saker Falcon
saker falcon,
kestrels, sparrows,
skylarks, jays and long legged buzzards as well as night time flying long-eared and horned owls. Waterfowl can also be observed as they are attracted to the water reservoirs in the area. The desert mammals are widely varied beginning with rodents like gopher and jerboas who leave interesting patterns in the sand. The tolai hare, gazelles, antelope, foxes, wildcats and the
caracal lynx can also be found here.

The shore of the Caspian Sea in winter is home to flocks of ducks and geese and swans. The abundant sea life consists of herring, sprat, roach and sturgeon.

The mountainous areas of Turkmenistan support many animal species such as goat, cheetah, lynx, leopard, snow leopard and porcupine.

The plains habitat supports the hedgehog barchans cat, corsac fox, jackals, wild boar, goitered gazelle, rare pink deer, and wild donkeys as well as various species of birds. The tolai hare can be found here in addition to its desert habitat.

The golden eagle which is one of the largest eagles in the world, can be seen in all of the different habitat areas in Turkmenistan.

Click here for a list of endangered animals in Turkmenistan.
Even-toed ungulates in Turkmenistan
Saiga antelope
Goitered gazelle
Wild boar
Carnivores in Turkmenistan
Least weasel
Asiatic jackal
Arctic wolf
African caracal
Pallas's cat
Jungle cat
Sand cat
Wild cat
Striped hyaena
Common otter
Eurasian lynx
Afghan fox
Corsac fox
Cross fox
Beech marten
Marbled polecat
Brown bear
Honey badger
Bats in Turkmenistan
Lesser mouse-eared bat
Geoffroy's bat
Natterer's bat
Bobrinski's serotine
Botta's serotine
Blasius's horseshoe bat
Mediterranean horseshoe bat
Greater horseshoe bat
Lesser horseshoe bat
European free-tailed bat
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Turkmenistan
Afghan pika
Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Turkmenistan
Asian wild ass
Rodents in Turkmenistan
Afghan vole
Afghan mouse-like hamster
Masked mouse-tailed dormouse
Northern three-toed jerboa
Short-tailed bandicoot rat
Forest dormouse
Southern mole vole
Northern mole vole
Zaisan mole vole
Comb-toed jerboa
Lichtenstein's jerboa
Long-clawed ground squirrel
Yellow ground squirrel
Turkmen jerboa
Thick-tailed three-toed jerboa
Menzbier's marmot
Libyan jird
Mid-day jird
Persian jird
Tamarisk jird
Small five-toed jerboa
Zarundny's jird
Great jerboa
Persian vole
Svertzov's jerboa
Tien shan vole
Mongolian five-toed jerboa
Transcaspian vole
Bobrinski's jerboa
Information about the animals living in Turkmenistan is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. View also countries of the world ordered by:
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