Syria is a nation of dramatic historical turns, and even more dramatic geography. This coastal Middle Eastern nation, which borders Turkey, Iraq, Israel and Lebanon, has been caught in the middle of some of the biggest modern events in the world. However, few people take the time to learn about Syria and its own ancient traditions and cities. Below are five little-known facts about this intriguing nation.
5 Facts You Might Not Know
The capital of Syria
The capital of Syria is Damascus, a city which has been continuously populated since approximately 2000 BC; there is even evidence of settlers around the outskirts of the city as early as 9000 BC. Because of this, Damascus is one of the great hubs of Arab culture and trade, and remains of international importance to this day.
Syria was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century up until the Empire's fall in World War I. After that, it became a French mandate until 1946, when the country was given its independence. After a series of military coupes, Syria joined forces with Egypt before going their separate ways in 1961. Since 1967, Syria has been under the rule of the Assad family and, while technically a Republic, recognizes no opposition parties.
The apostle Paul, one of the most prominent of the early Christian missionaries, was walking to Damascus when he claimed to have received a vision and converted to Christianity. Today, the majority of the Syrian population are Sunni Muslims, but about 10% are Christians.
The climate of Syria, thanks to its mountains and coast, can vary wildly over even a few miles. Landscapes range from green and fertile to harsh, dry and icy. The coast, which holds the majority of Syria's population, experiences hot summers and milder, rainy winters.
The symbol of Syria is the hawk, which has traditionally been used in hunting and represents the fierce independence of the people of this dry land. Syria is fittingly home to the oldest known sculpture of a hawk, which dates back to 10,000 BC.
Syria belongs to the Asian continent
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Airports in Syria
Khafr Bū at Taḩtā
Aleppo International Airport
Damascus Int. Airport
Leaders of Syria
List of oil fields in Syria
Map of Syria
Animals native to Syria / which animals live in Syria?
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Animals in Syria
Coordinates (in Latitude & Longitude) of Syria
35 00 N, 38 00 E
Kilometers of coastline
Square kilometers of land
Square kilometers of water
1,130 square kilometers
27.19 / 1000 population
4.74 / 1000 population
13,330 sq km
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